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Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. Raises Full Year Forecast After Reporting Strong Results for the First Quarter 2018

05/02/2018

BETHESDA, Md., May 02, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. (NYSE:HST) (“Host Hotels” or the “Company”), the nation’s largest lodging real estate investment trust (“REIT”), today announced results for the first quarter of 2018.

James F. Risoleo, President and Chief Executive Officer, said, “We are very pleased to meaningfully increase our full-year guidance due to operating results exceeding our expectations in the first quarter. The 50 basis point increase to the mid-point of our RevPAR guidance is expected to drive margin growth and reflects both the strong start to 2018 and our improved outlook on business and leisure travel for the remainder of the year. These top and bottom line improvements continue to be a result of Host’s irreplaceable portfolio of iconic assets combined with our tremendous scale and platform that we employ to drive operational efficiencies.”

“During the quarter, we were thrilled to close on the previously announced acquisition of the iconic three-hotel Hyatt portfolio,” continued Mr. Risoleo. “These assets, which are in markets with expected high growth, immediately improve the value of the Company, and exemplify our ability to capitalize on our scale and investment grade balance sheet. Execution of our internal and external growth opportunities continue to create value for stockholders and enhance the world’s premier lodging REIT.”

Operating Results
(unaudited, in millions, except per share and hotel statistics)  

 
  Quarter ended
March 31,
  Percent
  2018   2017   Change
Total revenues $ 1,346     $ 1,348   (0.1 )%
Comparable hotel revenues (1)   1,271       1,253   1.5 %
Net income   256       161   59.0 %
EBITDAre (1)(2)   370       369   0.3 %
Adjusted EBITDAre (1)(2)   370       370    
Change in comparable hotel RevPAR:          
Domestic properties   1.6 %        
International properties -
  Constant US$
  9.3 %        
Total - Constant US$   1.7 %        
           
Diluted earnings per share   0.34       0.21   61.9 %
NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share (1)   0.43       0.44   (2.3 )%
           

Additional detail on the Company’s results, including data for 22 domestic markets and top 40 hotels by RevPAR, is available in the First Quarter 2018 Supplemental Financial Information available on the Company’s website at www.hosthotels.com.

       
(1)     NAREIT Funds From Operations (“FFO”) per diluted share, Adjusted FFO per diluted share, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre and comparable hotel results are non-GAAP (U.S. generally accepted accounting principles) financial measures within the meaning of the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). See the Notes to Financial Information on why the Company believes these supplemental measures are useful, reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, and the limitations on the use of these supplemental measures.
(2)     Effective December 31, 2017, the Company presents EBITDAre, reported in accordance with NAREIT guidelines, and Adjusted EBITDAre as supplemental measures of performance. Prior year results have been restated to conform with the current year presentation. Under the new presentation, all of the EBITDA of consolidated partnerships is included, including the non-controlling partners’ share, which has increased the previously reported first quarter 2017 Adjusted EBITDA by $3 million. See the Notes to Financial Information for more information on this change.
       

Key Highlights

Strategy

  • On March 29, 2018, the Company completed the previously announced acquisition of the 301-room Andaz Maui at Wailea Resort, 668-room Grand Hyatt San Francisco, and 454-room Hyatt Regency Coconut Point Resort and Spa for $1 billion. These assets are fee-simple and located in what the Company believes are some of the top growth markets in the U.S., including Maui and San Francisco, which are benefitting from strong lodging demand and limited supply growth. The hotels will continue to be managed by Hyatt pursuant to long-term management agreements.

Operating Performance

GAAP Metrics

  • Total revenues decreased 0.1% for quarter, as improvements in operations were offset primarily by a net decrease of $15 million due to the effect of the disposition of five hotels in 2017 and early 2018, as well as taking into account the operations for two hotels acquired in 2017.

  • GAAP operating profit margin was unchanged from the prior year.

  • Net income increased $95 million to $256 million for the first quarter, due to the increase in gain on sale of assets.

  • Diluted earnings per share increased 61.9% for the quarter as a result of the increases to net income.

Other Metrics

  • Comparable RevPAR on a constant dollar basis improved 1.7%, driven by a 170 basis point increase in occupancy, which was partially offset by a 0.6% decrease in average room rate. Comparable hotel revenues increased 1.5% for the quarter.

  • Comparable hotel EBITDA increased $13 million, or 3.7%, for the quarter.

  • Comparable hotel EBITDA margin improved 60 basis points for quarter. The increase reflects continued improvement in operating efficiencies, higher ancillary revenues and a tax rebate at one property that positively affected margins by 28 basis points.

  • Adjusted EBITDAre was flat for the quarter as improvements at the Company’s comparable hotels were offset by a net decrease of $5 million due to the effects of property dispositions and acquisitions completed in 2017 and early 2018.

  • Adjusted FFO per diluted share decreased 2.3% for the quarter, primarily reflecting an increase in interest expense and additional tax expense.

Capital Allocation

During the first quarter, the Company spent approximately $115 million on capital expenditures, of which $29 million was return on investment (“ROI”) capital expenditures and $86 million was on renewal and replacement projects.

For 2018, the Company continues to anticipate capital expenditures of $475 million to $550 million, closer to its historical average spend, as compared to 2017. This total spend consists of $185 million to $220 million in ROI projects and $290 million to $330 million in renewal and replacement projects.

Dividends and Return of Capital

The Company paid a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.20 per share on its common stock on April 16, 2018 to stockholders of record as of March 29, 2018. All future dividends, including any special dividends, are subject to approval by the Company’s Board of Directors. The Company did not repurchase any shares in 2018 and has $500 million of capacity available under its current repurchase program.

Balance Sheet

“The efficient execution of the $1 billion acquisition of the Hyatt portfolio during a period of market volatility demonstrates the competitive advantage our scale provides in deploying capital in a disciplined manner,” said Michael D. Bluhm, Chief Financial Officer.

At March 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $323 million of unrestricted cash and $511 million of available capacity under the revolver portion of its credit facility. Total debt as of March 31, 2018, was $4.3 billion, with an average maturity of 4.8 years and an average interest rate of 3.9%. The Company has no debt maturities until 2020.

2018 Outlook

The Company anticipates that its 2018 operating results as compared to the prior year will change in the following range:

 
    Previous Full Year
2018 Guidance
  Current Full Year
2018 Guidance
  Change in Full Year
2018 Guidance to the
Mid-Point
Total comparable hotel RevPAR - Constant US$ (1)   0.5% to 2.5%   1.5% to 2.5%   50 bps
Total revenues under GAAP   0.6%  to 2.5%   2.0%  to 3.0%   95 bps
Operating profit margin under GAAP   (50 bps) to 50 bps   0 bps to 60 bps   30 bps
Comparable hotel EBITDA margins (2)   (60 bps) to 20 bps   (10 bps) to 30 bps   30 bps

__________

(1)     Forecast comparable hotel results include 86 hotels that are assumed will be classified as comparable as of December 31, 2018. See the 2018 Forecast Schedules for a listing of hotels excluded from the full year 2018 comparable hotel set.
(2)     At the 2.0% midpoint of the RevPAR guidance, the comparable hotel EBITDA margin would be 10 basis points higher compared to the previous guidance.

Based upon the above parameters, the Company estimates its 2018 guidance as follows:

 
    Previous Full Year
2018 Guidance
  Current Full Year
2018 Guidance
  Change in Full Year
2018 Guidance to the
Mid-Point
Net income (in millions)   $547 to $616   $617 to $657   $55.5
Adjusted EBITDAre (in millions)   $1,465 to $1,535   $1,505 to $1,545   $25
Earnings per diluted share   $.73 to $.82   $.82 to $.88   $.08
NAREIT FFO per diluted share   $1.60 to $1.70   $1.67 to $1.73   $.05
Adjusted FFO per diluted share   $1.60 to $1.70   $1.67 to $1.73   $.05
             

See the 2018 Forecast Schedules and the Notes to Financial Information for other assumptions used in the forecasts and items that may affect forecast results.

About Host Hotels & Resorts

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. is an S&P 500 and Fortune 500 company and is the largest lodging real estate investment trust and one of the largest owners of luxury and upper-upscale hotels. The Company currently owns 90 properties in the United States and six properties internationally totaling approximately 53,000 rooms. The Company also holds non-controlling interests in seven domestic and international joint ventures. Guided by a disciplined approach to capital allocation and aggressive asset management, the Company partners with premium brands such as Marriott®, Ritz-Carlton®, Westin®, Sheraton®, W®, St. Regis®, Le Méridien®, The Luxury Collection®, Hyatt®, Fairmont®, Hilton®, Swissôtel®, ibis® and Novotel®, as well as independent brands in the operation of properties in over 50 major markets. For additional information, please visit the Company’s website at www.hosthotels.com. The term “Hyatt” is used in this release for convenience to refer to Hyatt Hotels Corporation and/or one or more of its affiliates.

Note: This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities regulations. These forward-looking statements include forecast results and are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “should,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “will,” “continue” and other similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions and forecasts of future results. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results to differ materially from those anticipated at the time the forward-looking statements are made. These risks include, but are not limited to: changes in national and local economic and business conditions and other factors such as natural disasters, pandemics and weather that will affect occupancy rates at our hotels and the demand for hotel products and services; the impact of geopolitical developments outside the U.S. on lodging demand; volatility in global financial and credit markets; operating risks associated with the hotel business; risks and limitations in our operating flexibility associated with the level of our indebtedness and our ability to meet covenants in our debt agreements; risks associated with our relationships with property managers and joint venture partners; our ability to maintain our properties in a first-class manner, including meeting capital expenditure requirements; the effects of hotel renovations on our hotel occupancy and financial results; our ability to compete effectively in areas such as access, location, quality of accommodations and room rate structures; risks associated with our ability to complete acquisitions and dispositions and develop new properties and the risks that acquisitions and new developments may not perform in accordance with our expectations; our ability to continue to satisfy complex rules in order for us to remain a REIT for federal income tax purposes; risks associated with our ability to effectuate our dividend policy, including factors such as operating results and the economic outlook influencing our board’s decision whether to pay further dividends at levels previously disclosed or to use available cash to make special dividends; and other risks and uncertainties associated with our business described in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. Although the Company believes the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that the expectations will be attained or that any deviation will not be material. All information in this release is as of May 2, 2018, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the Company’s expectations.

       
*     This press release contains registered trademarks that are the exclusive property of their respective owners. None of the owners of these trademarks has any responsibility or liability for any information contained in this press release.
       

An attachment accompanying this release is available at http://resource.globenewswire.com/Resource/Download/d8142a4e-40fd-4b90-85a5-694c5bfdb780

*** Tables to Follow ***

 

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc., herein referred to as “we” or “Host Inc.,” is a self-managed and self-administered real estate investment trust that owns hotel properties. We conduct our operations as an umbrella partnership REIT through an operating partnership, Host Hotels & Resorts, L.P. (“Host LP”), of which we are the sole general partner. When distinguishing between Host Inc. and Host LP, the primary difference is approximately 1% of the partnership interests in Host LP held by outside partners as of March 31, 2018, which is non-controlling interests in Host LP in our consolidated balance sheets and is included in net income attributable to non-controlling interests in our consolidated statements of operations. Readers are encouraged to find further detail regarding our organizational structure in our annual report on Form 10-K.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited, in millions, except shares and per share amounts)

 
    March 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  
                 
ASSETS  
Property and equipment, net   $ 10,650     $ 9,692  
Assets held for sale     181       250  
Due from managers     146       79  
Advances to and investments in affiliates     342       327  
Furniture, fixtures and equipment replacement fund     196       195  
Other     226       237  
Cash and cash equivalents     323       913  
Total assets   $ 12,064     $ 11,693  
                 
LIABILITIES, NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY  
Debt (1)                
Senior notes   $ 2,779     $ 2,778  
Credit facility, including the term loans of $997 million and $996 million,
  respectively
    1,481       1,170  
Other debt     6       6  
Total debt     4,266       3,954  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     233       283  
Other     281       287  
Total liabilities     4,780       4,524  
                 
Non-controlling interests - Host Hotels & Resorts, L.P.     156       167  
                 
Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. stockholders’ equity:                
Common stock, par value $.01, 1,050 million shares authorized,
  739.5 million shares and 739.1 million shares issued and outstanding,
  respectively
    7       7  
Additional paid-in capital     8,109       8,097  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (55 )     (60 )
Deficit     (962 )     (1,071 )
Total equity of Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. stockholders     7,099       6,973  
Non-controlling interests—other consolidated partnerships     29       29  
Total equity     7,128       7,002  
Total liabilities, non-controlling interests and equity   $ 12,064     $ 11,693  
___________                

(1)   Please see our First Quarter 2018 Supplemental Financial Information for more detail on our debt balances.

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

   
    Quarter ended March 31,  
    2018     2017  
Revenues                
Rooms   $ 844     $ 843  
Food and beverage     413       422  
Other     89       83  
Total revenues     1,346       1,348  
Expenses                
Rooms     224       219  
Food and beverage     278       277  
Other departmental and support expenses     315       319  
Management fees     54       56  
Other property-level expenses     98       100  
Depreciation and amortization     178       180  
Corporate and other expenses(1)     28       29  
Gain on insurance and business interruption settlements           (3 )
Total operating costs and expenses     1,175       1,177  
Operating profit     171       171  
Interest income     3       1  
Interest expense     (44 )     (39 )
Gain on sale of assets     120       17  
Loss on foreign currency transactions and derivatives           (2 )
Equity in earnings of affiliates     10       7  
Income before income taxes     260       155  
Benefit (provision) for income taxes     (4 )     6  
Net income     256       161  
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests     (3 )     (3 )
Net income attributable to Host Inc.   $ 253     $ 158  
Basic and diluted earnings per common share   $ .34     $ .21  

___________
(1)   Corporate and other expenses include the following items:

    Quarter ended March 31,  
    2018   2017  
General and administrative costs   $ 25   $ 25  
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense     3     3  
Litigation accruals and acquisition costs, net         1  
    Total   $ 28   $ 29  
 

          

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Earnings per Common Share
(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

   
    Quarter ended
March 31,
 
    2018     2017  
Net income   $ 256     $ 161  
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests     (3 )     (3 )
Net income attributable to Host Inc.   $ 253     $ 158  
                 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding     739.2       738.0  
Assuming distribution of common shares granted under the comprehensive
stock plans, less shares assumed purchased at market
    .4       .2  
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding (1)     739.6       738.2  
Basic and diluted earnings per common share   $ .34     $ .21  

___________

       
(1)     Dilutive securities may include shares granted under comprehensive stock plans, preferred operating partnership units (“OP Units”) held by minority partners and other non-controlling interests that have the option to convert their limited partnership interests to common OP Units. No effect is shown for any securities that were anti-dilutive for the period. 
       

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Hotel Operating Data for Consolidated Hotels (1)

Comparable Hotels by Location in Constant US$ (sorted by RevPAR)

 
    As of March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2017          
Location   No. of
Properties
    No. of
Rooms
    Average
Room Rate
    Average
Occupancy
Percentage
    RevPAR     Average
Room Rate
    Average
Occupancy
Percentage
    RevPAR     Percent
Change in
RevPAR
 
Florida Gulf Coast     3       1,043     $ 523.78       87.7 %   $ 459.45     $ 481.12       85.6 %   $ 411.83       11.6 %
Maui/Oahu     3       1,682       396.73       91.4       362.47       366.03       90.2       330.33       9.7  
Jacksonville     1       446       355.15       71.3       253.14       342.40       72.2       247.34       2.3  
Phoenix     4       1,518       271.16       87.0       235.99       270.27       81.2       219.44       7.5  
San Francisco/San Jose     6       3,853       252.70       84.3       212.91       261.96       77.2       202.32       5.2  
New York     6       6,000       252.37       78.5       198.16       240.49       78.5       188.71       5.0  
Los Angeles     3       1,421       213.58       89.8       191.81       215.65       87.0       187.53       2.3  
San Diego     4       4,341       231.83       81.9       189.78       239.40       81.6       195.36       (2.9 )
Miami     2       843       207.22       88.5       183.36       203.40       87.2       177.33       3.4  
Washington, D.C. (CBD)     5       3,238       250.33       71.8       179.63       286.75       75.9       217.54       (17.4 )
Orlando     1       2,004       210.77       81.6       172.05       206.17       76.5       157.77       9.1  
New Orleans     1       1,333       197.38       82.7       163.21       203.25       78.0       158.63       2.9  
Philadelphia     2       810       192.13       83.5       160.48       180.44       76.7       138.34       16.0  
Seattle     2       1,315       201.47       75.1       151.30       199.58       76.9       153.51       (1.4 )
Atlanta     5       1,936       192.08       78.7       151.15       199.03       78.8       156.76       (3.6 )
San Antonio     2       1,513       198.26       75.7       150.18       198.42       81.4       161.56       (7.0 )
Orange County     4       1,429       192.00       76.3       146.53       194.93       77.7       151.36       (3.2 )
Houston     4       1,716       178.84       76.5       136.75       192.37       78.2       150.38       (9.1 )
Northern Virginia     5       1,919       186.56       71.7       133.83       188.33       69.3       130.46       2.6  
Boston     4       3,185       183.76       70.7       129.97       186.34       68.8       128.12       1.4  
Denver     3       1,340       152.93       67.5       103.26       159.63       63.4       101.19       2.0  
Chicago     6       2,392       148.46       67.2       99.80       147.79       63.4       93.73       6.5  
Other     8       3,596       176.71       72.2       127.59       174.72       69.8       121.96       4.6  
Domestic     84       48,873       229.66       78.1       179.32       230.55       76.6       176.56       1.6  
                                                                         
International     6       1,811       173.98       64.3       111.85       183.32       55.8       102.31       9.3  
All Locations -
  Constant US$
    90       50,684       228.01       77.6       176.91       229.31       75.8       173.91       1.7  
                                                         

All Owned Hotels in Constant US$ (2)

 
    As of March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2017            
    No. of
Properties
    No. of
Rooms
    Average
Room Rate
    Average
Occupancy
Percentage
    RevPAR     Average
Room Rate
    Average
Occupancy
Percentage
    RevPAR     Percent
Change in
RevPAR
   
Comparable Hotels     90       50,684     $ 228.01       77.6 %   $ 176.91     $ 229.31       75.8 %   $ 173.91       1.7 %
Non-comparable Hotels (Pro forma)     6       2,714       387.00       83.2       322.07       365.59       85.0       310.67       3.7  
All Hotels     96       53,398       236.64       77.9       184.29       237.02       76.3       180.85       1.9  
                                                         

Comparable Hotels in Nominal US$ 

 
    As of March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2017          
    No. of
Properties
    No. of
Rooms
    Average
Room Rate
    Average
Occupancy
Percentage
    RevPAR     Average
Room Rate
    Average
Occupancy
Percentage
    RevPAR     Percent
Change in
RevPAR
 
International     6       1,811     $ 173.98       64.3 %   $ 111.85     $ 176.90       55.8 %   $ 98.73       13.3 %
Domestic     84       48,873       229.66       78.1       179.32       230.55       76.6       176.56       1.6  
All Locations     90       50,684       228.01       77.6       176.91       229.14       75.8       173.78       1.8  
                                                       

 

(1)      See the Notes to Financial Information for a discussion of comparable hotel operating statistics and constant US$ presentation. Nominal US$ results include the effect of currency fluctuations, consistent with our financial statement presentation. CBD of a location refers to the central business district.
(2)     Operating statistics are presented for all consolidated properties owned as of March 31, 2018 and do not include the results of operations for properties sold in 2018 or 2017. Additionally, all owned hotel operating statistics include hotels that we did not own for the entirety of the periods presented and properties that are undergoing large-scale capital projects during the periods presented and, therefore, are not considered comparable hotel information upon which we usually evaluate our performance. Specifically, comparable RevPAR is calculated as room revenues divided by the available room nights, which will rarely vary on a year-over-year basis. Conversely, the available room nights included in the non-comparable RevPAR statistic will vary widely based on the timing of hotel closings, the scope of a capital project, or the development of a new property. See the Notes to Financial Information – Comparable Hotel Operating Statistics for further information on these pro forma statistics and the limitations on their use.
     
  • Non-comparable hotels (pro forma) - This represents one hotel under significant renovations in 2017 and 2018: The Phoenician. It also includes five hotels acquired in 2017 and 2018: the Don CeSar, W Hollywood, Andaz Maui at Wailea Resort, Grand Hyatt San Francisco and Hyatt Regency Coconut Point Resort and Spa, which are presented on a pro forma basis assuming we owned the hotels as of January 1, 2017 and includes historical operating data for periods prior to our ownership. As a result, the RevPAR increase of 3.7% for the quarter for these six hotels is considered non-comparable.

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Schedule of Comparable Hotel Results (1)
(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)

 
    Quarter ended March 31,  
    2018     2017  
Number of hotels     90       90  
Number of rooms     50,684       50,684  
Change in comparable hotel RevPAR -                
Constant US$     1.7 %      
Nominal US$     1.8 %      
Operating profit margin (2)     12.7 %     12.7 %
Comparable hotel EBITDA margin (2)     27.6 %     27.0 %
Food and beverage profit margin (2)     32.7 %     34.4 %
Comparable hotel food and beverage profit margin (2)     32.6 %     33.8 %
                 
Net income   $ 256     $ 161  
Depreciation and amortization     178       180  
Interest expense     44       39  
Provision (benefit) for income taxes     4       (6 )
Gain on sale of property and corporate level
   income/expense
    (105 )     6  
Non-comparable hotel results, net (3)     (26 )     (42 )
Comparable hotel EBITDA   $ 351     $ 338  
 

 

    Quarter ended March 31, 2018     Quarter ended March 31, 2017  
            Adjustments                     Adjustments          
    GAAP
Results
    Non-
comparable
hotel results, net
(3)
    Depreciation
and
corporate
level items
    Comparable
Hotel
Results
    GAAP
Results
    Non-
comparable
hotel results, net
(3)
    Depreciation
and
corporate
level items
    Comparable
Hotel
Results
 
Revenues                                                                
Room   $ 844     $ (37 )   $     $ 807     $ 843     $ (50 )   $     $ 793  
Food and beverage     413       (27 )           386       422       (31 )           391  
Other     89       (11 )           78       83       (14 )           69  
Total revenues     1,346       (75 )           1,271       1,348       (95 )           1,253  
Expenses                                                                
Room     224       (8 )           216       219       (10 )           209  
Food and beverage     278       (18 )           260       277       (18 )           259  
Other     467       (23 )           444       475       (28 )           447  
Depreciation and amortization     178             (178 )           180             (180 )      
Corporate and other expenses     28             (28 )           29             (29 )      
Gain on insurance and business
    interruption settlements
                            (3 )     3              
  Total expenses     1,175       (49 )     (206 )     920       1,177       (53 )     (209 )     915  
Operating Profit - Comparable
  Hotel EBITDA
  $ 171     $ (26 )   $ 206     $ 351     $ 171     $ (42 )   $ 209     $ 338  
___________                                                                

 

       
(1)     See the Notes to Financial Information for a discussion of non-GAAP measures and the calculation of comparable hotel results. For additional information on comparable hotel EBITDA by location, see the First Quarter 2018 Supplemental Financial Information posted on our website.
(2)     Profit margins are calculated by dividing the applicable operating profit by the related revenue amount. GAAP profit margins are calculated using amounts presented in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Comparable hotel margins are calculated using amounts presented in the above tables.
(3)     Non-comparable hotel results, net, includes the following items: (i) the results of operations of our non-comparable hotels and sold hotels, which operations are included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations as continuing operations, (ii) gains on insurance settlements and business interruption proceeds, and (iii) the results of our office spaces and other non-hotel income.
       

 

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Reconciliation of Net Income to
EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre (1)
(unaudited, in millions)

   
    Quarter ended March 31,  
    2018     2017  
Net income (2)   $ 256     $ 161  
Interest expense     44       39  
Depreciation and amortization     170       180  
Income taxes     4       (6 )
EBITDA (2)     474       374  
Gain on dispositions (3)     (119 )     (15 )
Non-cash impairment loss     8        
Equity investment adjustments:                
Equity in earnings of Euro JV (5)     (2 )      
Equity in earnings of affiliates other than Euro JV     (8 )     (7 )
Pro rata EBITDAre of Euro JV (5)     7       6  
Pro rata EBITDAre of equity investments other than Euro JV     10       11  
EBITDAre (2)(6)     370       369  
Adjustments to EBITDAre:                
Acquisition costs (4)           1  
Adjusted EBITDAre (2)(6)   $ 370     $ 370  
___________                

 

       
(1)     See the Notes to Financial Information for discussion of non-GAAP measures.
(2)     Net Income, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre, NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO include a gain of $1 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2017, for the sale of the portion of land attributable to individual units sold by the Maui timeshare joint venture.
(3)     Reflects the sale of one hotel in each of 2018 and 2017.
(4)     Effective January 1, 2018 we adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. As a result, the recent Hyatt portfolio acquisition was considered an asset acquisition and the related $17 million of acquisition costs were capitalized.
(5)     Represents our share of earnings and pro rata EBITDAre from our European Joint Venture (“Euro JV”) in which we hold an approximate one-third non-controlling interest.
(6)     Effective December 31, 2017, we present EBITDAre, reported in accordance with NAREIT guidelines, and Adjusted EBITDAre as supplemental measures of our performance. Prior year results have been updated to conform with the current year presentation. Under the new presentation, all of the EBITDA of consolidated partnerships is included, including the non-controlling partners' share, which has increased the previously reported first quarter 2017 Adjusted EBITDA by $3 million. See the Notes to Financial Information for more information on this change.
       


HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income to NAREIT and
Adjusted Funds From Operations per Diluted Share (1)
(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)
  

   
    Quarter ended March 31,  
    2018     2017  
Net income (2)   $ 256     $ 161  
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests     (3 )     (3 )
Net income attributable to Host Inc.     253       158  
Adjustments:                
Gain on dispositions (3)     (119 )     (15 )
Depreciation and amortization     169       179  
Non-cash impairment loss     8        
Equity investment adjustments:                
Equity in earnings of affiliates     (10 )     (7 )
Pro rata FFO of equity investments     16       13  
Consolidated partnership adjustments:                
FFO adjustment for non-controlling partnerships           (1 )
FFO adjustments for non-controlling interests of Host L.P.     (1 )     (1 )
NAREIT FFO (2)     316       326  
Adjustments to NAREIT FFO:                
Acquisition costs (4)           1  
Adjusted FFO (2)   $ 316     $ 327  
                 
For calculation on a per share basis (5):                
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding - EPS, NAREIT FFO and
    Adjusted FFO
    739.6       738.2  
NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share   $ .43     $ .44  
___________                

  

(1 - 4)      Refer to the corresponding footnote on the Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre.
(5)            Earnings per diluted share and NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share are adjusted for the effects of dilutive securities. Dilutive securities may include shares granted under comprehensive stock plans, preferred OP units held by non-controlling partners and other non-controlling interests that have the option to convert their limited partnership interests to common OP units. No effect is shown for securities if they are anti-dilutive.
       


HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre and
NAREIT and Adjusted Funds From Operations per Diluted Share for 2018 Forecasts (1)
(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

   
  Full Year 2018  
  Low-end
of range
    High-end
of range
 
Net income $ 617     $ 657  
Interest expense   183       183  
Depreciation and amortization   727       727  
Income taxes   43       43  
EBITDA   1,570       1,610  
Gain on dispositions   (119 )     (119 )
Non-cash impairment loss   8       8  
Equity investment adjustments:              
Equity in earnings of Euro JV   (21 )     (21 )
Equity in earnings of affiliates other than Euro JV   (14 )     (14 )
Pro rata EBITDAre of Euro JV   51       51  
Pro rata EBITDAre of equity investments other than Euro JV   30       30  
EBITDAre   1,505       1,545  
Adjusted EBITDAre $ 1,505     $ 1,545  
               
  Full Year 2018  
  Low-end
of range
    High-end
of range
 
Net income $ 617     $ 657  
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests   (7 )     (8 )
Net income attributable to Host Inc.   610       649  
Adjustments:              
Gain on dispositions   (119 )     (119 )
Depreciation and amortization   723       723  
Non-cash impairment loss   8       8  
Equity investment adjustments:              
Equity in earnings of affiliates   (35 )     (35 )
Pro rata FFO of equity investments   61       61  
Consolidated partnership adjustments:              
FFO adjustment for non-controlling partnerships   (2 )     (2 )
FFO adjustment for non-controlling interests of Host LP   (7 )     (7 )
NAREIT FFO   1,239       1,278  
Adjusted FFO $ 1,239     $ 1,278  
               
Weighted average diluted shares - EPS, NAREIT and Adjusted FFO   740.0       740.0  
Earnings per diluted share $ 0.82     $ 0.88  
NAREIT FFO per diluted share $ 1.67     $ 1.73  
Adjusted FFO per diluted share $ 1.67     $ 1.73  
___________              

(1)   The forecasts are based on the below assumptions:

  • Total comparable hotel RevPAR in constant US$ will increase 1.5% to 2.5% for the low and high end of the forecast range, which excludes the effect of changes in foreign currency. However, the effect of estimated changes in foreign currency has been reflected in the forecast of net income, EBITDA, earnings per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share.
  • Comparable hotel EBITDA margins will decrease 10 basis points or increase 30 basis points for the low and high ends of the forecasted RevPAR range, respectively.
  • We expect to spend approximately $185 million to $220 million on ROI capital expenditures and approximately $290 million to $330 million on renewal and replacement capital expenditures.
  • The above forecast assumes the sale of the W New York will occur during the second quarter of 2018 and one unspecified sale to occur during 2018. The transactions are subject to customary and other closing conditions which may not be satisfied and there can be no assurances that we will be able to complete the transactions at the prices assumed in the forecast.
    For a discussion of additional items that may affect forecasted results, see the Notes to Financial Information.

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.
Schedule of Comparable Hotel Results
for 2018 Forecasts (1)
(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)

                 
                    Full Year 2018  
                    Low-end of
range
    High-end of
range
 
Operating profit margin (2)       12.5 %     13.1 %
Comparable hotel EBITDA margin (3)       28.3 %     28.7 %
                   
Net income     $ 617     $ 657  
Depreciation and amortization       735       735  
Interest expense       183       183  
Provision for income taxes       43       43  
Gain on sale of property and corporate level income/expense       (45 )     (45 )
Non-comparable hotel results, net (4)       (193 )     (201 )
Comparable hotel EBITDA     $ 1,340     $ 1,372  
                                 
                                 
    Low-end of range  
            Adjustments          
    GAAP
Results
    Non-
comparable
hotel results,
net(4)
    Depreciation
and corporate
level items
    Comparable
Hotel
Results
 
 Revenues                                
 Rooms   $ 3,538     $ (435 )   $     $ 3,103  
 Food and beverage     1,598       (240 )           1,358  
 Other     358       (80 )           278  
  Total revenues     5,494       (755 )           4,739  
 Expenses                                
 Hotel expenses     3,961       (562 )           3,399  
 Depreciation     735             (735 )      
 Corporate and other expenses     113             (113 )      
  Total expenses     4,809       (562 )     (848 )     3,399  
 Operating Profit - Comparable Hotel EBITDA   $ 685     $ (193 )   $ 848     $ 1,340  
                                 
                                 
    High-end of range  
            Adjustments          
    GAAP
Results
    Non-
comparable
hotel results,
net(4)
    Depreciation
and corporate
level items
    Comparable
Hotel
Results
 
 Revenues                                
 Rooms   $ 3,573     $ (440 )   $     $ 3,133  
 Food and beverage     1,614       (242 )           1,372  
 Other     362       (81 )           281  
   Total revenues     5,549       (763 )           4,786  
 Expenses                                
 Hotel expenses     3,976       (562 )           3,414  
 Depreciation and amortization     735             (735 )      
 Corporate and other expenses     113             (113 )      
   Total expenses     4,824       (562 )     (848 )     3,414  
 Operating Profit - Comparable Hotel EBITDA   $ 725     $ (201 )   $ 848     $ 1,372  
 ___________                                

 

       
(1)     Forecast comparable hotel results include 86 hotels (of our 96 hotels owned at March 31, 2018) that we have assumed will be classified as comparable as of December 31, 2018. See “Comparable Hotel Operating Statistics” in the Notes to Financial Information. No assurances can be made as to the hotels that will be in the comparable hotel set for 2018. Also, see the notes to the “Reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre and NAREIT and Adjusted Funds From Operations per Diluted Share for 2018 Forecasts” for other forecast assumptions and further discussion of transactions affecting our comparable hotel set.
(2)     Operating profit margin under GAAP is calculated as the operating profit divided by the forecast total revenues per the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
(3)     Comparable hotel EBITDA margin is calculated as the comparable hotel EBITDA divided by the comparable hotel sales per the tables above.
(4)     Non-comparable hotel results, net, includes the following items: (i) the results of operations of our non-comparable hotels and sold hotels, which operations are included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations as continuing operations, (ii) gains on insurance settlements and business interruption proceeds, and (iii) the results of our office spaces other non-hotel income. The following hotels are considered non-comparable for full-year forecast:
       

Acquisitions:

  • The Don CeSar and Beach House Suites complex (acquired in February 2017)
  • W Hollywood (acquired in March 2017)
  • Andaz Maui at Wailea Resort (acquired in March 2018)
  • Grand Hyatt San Francisco (acquired in March 2018)
  • Hyatt Regency Coconut Point Resort and Spa (acquired in March 2018)

Renovations:

  • The Phoenician (business disruption beginning in the second quarter of 2016)
  • The Ritz-Carlton, Naples (business disruption expected beginning in the second quarter of 2018)
  • San Francisco Marriott Marquis (business disruption expected beginning in the third quarter of 2018)

Dispositions or properties under contract (includes forecast or actual results from January 1, 2018 through the anticipated or actual sale date):

  • Key Bridge Marriott (sold January 9, 2018)
  • W New York (expected to close in the second quarter) 
  • Unspecified disposition


HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Notes to Financial Information

Forecasts

Our forecast of earnings per diluted share, NAREIT and Adjusted FFO per diluted share, EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre and comparable hotel results are forward-looking statements and are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause actual results and performance to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forecasts. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forecasts are based upon reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that the expectations will be attained or that the results will not be materially different. Risks that may affect these assumptions and forecasts include the following: potential changes in overall economic outlook make it inherently difficult to forecast the level of RevPAR and margin growth; the amount and timing of acquisitions and dispositions of hotel properties is an estimate that can substantially affect financial results, including such items as net income, depreciation and gains on dispositions; the level of capital expenditures may change significantly, which will directly affect the level of depreciation expense and net income; the amount and timing of debt payments may change significantly based on market conditions, which will directly affect the level of interest expense and net income; the amount and timing of transactions involving shares of our common stock may change based on market conditions; and other risks and uncertainties associated with our business described herein and in our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC.

Comparable Hotel Operating Statistics

To facilitate a quarter-to-quarter comparison of our operations, we present certain operating statistics (i.e., RevPAR, average daily rate and average occupancy) and operating results (revenues, expenses, hotel EBITDA and associated margins) for the periods included in this report on a comparable hotel basis.

Because these statistics and operating results relate only to our hotel properties, they exclude results for our non-hotel properties and other real estate investments. We define our comparable hotels as properties:

(i) that are owned or leased by us and the operations of which are included in our consolidated results for the entirety of the reporting periods being compared; and

(ii) that have not sustained substantial property damage or business interruption, or undergone large-scale capital projects (as further defined below) during the reporting periods being compared.

The hotel business is capital-intensive and renovations are a regular part of the business. Generally, hotels under renovation remain comparable hotels. A large scale capital project that would cause a hotel to be excluded from our comparable hotel set is an extensive renovation of several core aspects of the hotel, such as rooms, meeting space, lobby, bars, restaurants and other public spaces. Both quantitative and qualitative factors are taken into consideration in determining if the renovation would cause a hotel to be removed from the comparable hotel set, including unusual or exceptional circumstances such as: a reduction or increase in room count, rebranding, a significant alteration of the business operations, or the closing of the hotel during the renovation.

We do not include an acquired hotel in our comparable hotel set until the operating results for that hotel have been included in our consolidated results for one full calendar year. For example, we acquired The Don CeSar in February 2017. The hotel will not be included in our comparable hotels until January 1, 2019. Hotels that we sell are excluded from the comparable hotel set once the transaction has closed. Similarly, hotels are excluded from our comparable hotel set from the date that they sustain substantial property damage or business interruption or commence a large-scale capital project. In each case, these hotels are returned to the comparable hotel set when the operations of the hotel have been included in our consolidated results for one full calendar year after completion of the repair of the property damage or cessation of the business interruption, or the completion of large-scale capital projects, as applicable.

Of the 96 hotels that we owned on March 31, 2018, 90 have been classified as comparable hotels. The operating results of the following hotels that we owned as of March 31, 2018 are excluded from comparable hotel results for these periods:

  • The Phoenician (acquired in June 2015 and, beginning in the second quarter of 2016, business disruption due to extensive renovations, including all guestrooms and suites, a redesign of the lobby and public areas, renovation of pools, recreation areas and a restaurant and a re-configured spa and fitness center);

  • The Don CeSar and Beach House Suites complex (acquired in February 2017);

  • W Hollywood (acquired in March 2017);

  • Andaz Maui at Wailea Resort (acquired in March 2018);

  • Grand Hyatt San Francisco (acquired in March 2018); and

  • Hyatt Regency Coconut Point Resort and Spa (acquired in March 2018).

The operating results of five hotels disposed of in 2018 and 2017 are not included in comparable hotel results for the periods presented herein. These operations are also excluded from the hotel operating data for all owned hotels on page 8.

Operating statistics for the non-comparable hotels listed above are included in the hotel operating data for all owned hotels. By definition, the RevPAR results for these properties are not comparable due to the reasons listed above, and, therefore, are not indicative of the overall trends for our portfolio. The operating results for the five hotels acquired in 2017 and 2018 are included in the all owned hotel operating data on a pro forma basis, which includes operating results assuming the hotels were owned as of January 1, 2017 and based on actual results obtained from the manager for periods prior to our ownership. For these hotels, since the year-over-year comparison includes periods prior to our ownership, the changes will not necessarily correspond to changes in our actual results. All owned hotel operating statistics are provided for completeness and to show the difference between our comparable hotel information (upon which we usually evaluate performance) and all of our hotels, including non-comparable hotels. Also, while they may not be illustrative of trends (as compared to comparable hotel operating statistics), changes in all owned hotel statistics will have an effect on our overall revenues.

Constant US$ and Nominal US$

Operating results denominated in foreign currencies are translated using the prevailing exchange rates on the date of the transaction, or monthly based on the weighted average exchange rate for the period. For comparative purposes, we also present the RevPAR results for the prior year assuming the results for our foreign operations were translated using the same exchange rates that were effective for the comparable periods in the current year, thereby eliminating the effect of currency fluctuation for the year-over-year comparisons. For the full year forecast results, we use the applicable forward currency curve (as published by Bloomberg L.P.) for each monthly period to estimate forecast foreign operations in U.S. dollars and have restated the prior year RevPAR results using the same forecast exchange rates to estimate year-over-year growth in RevPAR in constant US$. We believe this presentation is useful to investors as it shows growth in RevPAR in the local currency of the hotel consistent with how we would evaluate our domestic portfolio. However, the estimated effect of changes in foreign currency has been reflected in the actual and forecast results of net income, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDAre, earnings per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share. Nominal US$ results include the effect of currency fluctuations, consistent with our financial statement presentation.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Included in this press release are certain “non-GAAP financial measures,” which are measures of our historical or future financial performance that are not calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, within the meaning of applicable SEC rules. They are as follows: (i) FFO and FFO per diluted share (both NAREIT and Adjusted), (ii) EBITDA, (iii) EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre and (iv) Comparable Hotel Property Level Operating Results. The following discussion defines these measures and presents why we believe they are useful supplemental measures of our performance.

NAREIT FFO and NAREIT FFO per Diluted Share

We present NAREIT FFO and NAREIT FFO per diluted share as non-GAAP measures of our performance in addition to our earnings per share (calculated in accordance with GAAP). We calculate NAREIT FFO per diluted share as our NAREIT FFO (defined as set forth below) for a given operating period, as adjusted for the effect of dilutive securities, divided by the number of fully diluted shares outstanding during such period, in accordance with NAREIT guidelines. NAREIT defines FFO as net income (calculated in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains and losses from sales of real estate, the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles, real estate-related depreciation, amortization and impairments and adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated to reflect our pro rata share of the FFO of those entities on the same basis.

We believe that NAREIT FFO per diluted share is a useful supplemental measure of our operating performance and that the presentation of NAREIT FFO per diluted share, when combined with the primary GAAP presentation of earnings per share, provides beneficial information to investors. By excluding the effect of real estate depreciation, amortization, impairments and gains and losses from sales of depreciable real estate, all of which are based on historical cost accounting and which may be of lesser significance in evaluating current performance, we believe that such measures can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and with other REITs, even though NAREIT FFO per diluted share does not represent an amount that accrues directly to holders of our common stock. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. As noted by NAREIT in its April 2002 “White Paper on Funds From Operations,” since real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors have considered presentation of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves. For these reasons, NAREIT adopted the FFO metric in order to promote an industry-wide measure of REIT operating performance.

Adjusted FFO per Diluted Share

We also present Adjusted FFO per diluted share when evaluating our performance because management believes that the exclusion of certain additional items described below provides useful supplemental information to investors regarding our ongoing operating performance. Management historically has made the adjustments detailed below in evaluating our performance, in our annual budget process and for our compensation programs. We believe that the presentation of Adjusted FFO per diluted share, when combined with both the primary GAAP presentation of earnings per share and FFO per diluted share as defined by NAREIT, provides useful supplemental information that is beneficial to an investor’s understanding of our operating performance. We adjust NAREIT FFO per diluted share for the following items, which may occur in any period, and refer to this measure as Adjusted FFO per diluted share:

  • Gains and Losses on the Extinguishment of Debt – We exclude the effect of finance charges and premiums associated with the extinguishment of debt, including the acceleration of the write-off of deferred financing costs associated with the original issuance of the debt being redeemed or retired and incremental interest expense incurred during the refinancing period. We also exclude the gains on debt repurchases and the original issuance costs associated with the retirement of preferred stock. We believe that these items are not reflective of our ongoing finance costs.

  • Acquisition Costs – Under GAAP, costs associated with completed property acquisitions that are considered business combinations are expensed in the year incurred. We exclude the effect of these costs because we believe they are not reflective of the ongoing performance of the Company.

  • Litigation Gains and Losses – We exclude the effect of gains or losses associated with litigation recorded under GAAP that we consider outside the ordinary course of business. We believe that including these items is not consistent with our ongoing operating performance.

In unusual circumstances, we may also adjust NAREIT FFO for gains or losses that management believes are not representative of the Company’s current operating performance. For example, in 2017, as a result of the reduction of corporate income tax rates from 35% to 21% caused by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, we remeasured our domestic deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2017 and recorded a one-time adjustment to reduce the deferred tax assets and increase the provision for income taxes by approximately $11 million. Additionally, similar corporate income tax rate reductions affected our European Joint Venture, causing the remeasurement of the net deferred tax assets and liabilities in France and Belgium, resulting in a net tax benefit to us of $5 million. We do not consider these adjustments to be reflective of our on-going operating performance and therefore excluded these items from Adjusted FFO.

EBITDA

Earnings before Interest Expense, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (“EBITDA”) is a commonly used measure of performance in many industries. Management believes EBITDA provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because it helps us and our investors evaluate the ongoing operating performance of our properties after removing the impact of the Company’s capital structure (primarily interest expense) and its asset base (primarily depreciation and amortization). Management also believes the use of EBITDA facilitates comparisons between us and other lodging REITs, hotel owners who are not REITs and other capital-intensive companies. Management uses EBITDA to evaluate property-level results and as one measure in determining the value of acquisitions and dispositions and, like FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share, is widely used by management in the annual budget process and for our compensation programs.

EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre

We present EBITDAre in accordance with NAREIT guidelines, as defined in its September 2017 white paper “Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization for Real Estate,” to provide an additional performance measure to facilitate the evaluation and comparison of the Company’s results with other REITs. NAREIT defines EBITDAre as net income (calculated in accordance with GAAP) excluding interest expense, income tax, depreciation and amortization, gains or losses on disposition of depreciated property (including gains or losses on change of control), impairment write-downs of depreciated property and of investments in unconsolidated affiliates caused by a decrease in value of depreciated property in the affiliate, and adjustments to reflect the entity’s pro rata share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated affiliates.

We make additional adjustments to EBITDAre when evaluating our performance because we believe that the exclusion of certain additional items described below provides useful supplemental information to investors regarding our ongoing operating performance. We believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDAre, when combined with the primary GAAP presentation of net income, is beneficial to an investor’s understanding of our operating performance. Adjusted EBITDAre also is similar to the measure used to calculate certain credit ratios for our credit facility and senior notes. We adjust EBITDAre for the following items, which may occur in any period, and refer to this measure as Adjusted EBITDAre:

  • Property Insurance Gains – We exclude the effect of property insurance gains reflected in our consolidated statements of operations because we believe that including them in Adjusted EBITDAre is not consistent with reflecting the ongoing performance of our assets. In addition, property insurance gains could be less important to investors given that the depreciated asset book value written off in connection with the calculation of the property insurance gain often does not reflect the market value of real estate assets.

  • Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle – Infrequently, the Financial Accounting Standards Board promulgates new accounting standards that require the consolidated statements of operations to reflect the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. We exclude these one-time adjustments because they do not reflect our actual performance for that period.

  • Acquisition Costs – Under GAAP, costs associated with completed property acquisitions that are considered business combinations are expensed in the year incurred. We exclude the effect of these costs because we believe they are not reflective of the ongoing performance of the Company.

  • Litigation Gains and Losses – We exclude the effect of gains or losses associated with litigation recorded under GAAP that we consider outside the ordinary course of business. We believe that including these items is not consistent with our ongoing operating performance.

In unusual circumstances, we also may adjust EBITDAre for gains or losses that management believes are not representative of the Company’s current operating performance. The last such adjustment was a 2013 exclusion of a gain from an eminent domain claim.

In the past, we presented Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure of our performance. That metric is calculated in a similar manner as Adjusted EBITDAre presented here, with the exception of the adjustment for non-controlling partners’ pro rata share of Adjusted EBITDA, which totaled $3 million for the first quarter of 2017. The rationale for including 100% of EBITDAre for consolidated affiliates with non-controlling interests is that the full amount of any debt of these affiliates is reported in our consolidated balance sheet and therefore metrics using total debt to EBITDAre provide a better understanding of the Company’s leverage. This is also consistent with NAREIT’s definition of EBITDAre.

Limitations on the Use of NAREIT FFO per Diluted Share, Adjusted FFO per Diluted Share, EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre

We calculate NAREIT FFO per diluted share in accordance with standards established by NAREIT, which may not be comparable to measures calculated by other companies who do not use the NAREIT definition of FFO or do not calculate FFO per diluted share in accordance with NAREIT guidance. In addition, although FFO per diluted share is a useful measure when comparing our results to other REITs, it may not be helpful to investors when comparing us to non-REITs. We also calculate Adjusted FFO per diluted share, which is not in accordance with NAREIT guidance and may not be comparable to measures calculated by other REITs. EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre, as presented, may also not be comparable to measures calculated by other companies. This information should not be considered as an alternative to net income, operating profit, cash from operations or any other operating performance measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. Cash expenditures for various long-term assets (such as renewal and replacement capital expenditures), interest expense (for EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre purposes only) and other items have been and will be made and are not reflected in the EBITDA, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre, NAREIT FFO per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share presentations. Management compensates for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our consolidated statement of operations and cash flows include interest expense, capital expenditures, and other excluded items, all of which should be considered when evaluating our performance, as well as the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures. Additionally, NAREIT FFO per diluted share, Adjusted FFO per diluted share, EBITDA, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre should not be considered as a measure of our liquidity or indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. In addition, NAREIT FFO per diluted share and Adjusted FFO per diluted share do not measure, and should not be used as a measure of, amounts that accrue directly to stockholders’ benefit.

Similarly, EBITDAre, Adjusted EBITDAre, NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share include adjustments for the pro rata share of our equity investments and NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share include adjustments for the pro rata share of non-controlling partners in consolidated partnerships. Our equity investments consist of interests ranging from 11% to 67% in seven domestic and international partnerships that own a total of 21 properties and a vacation ownership development. Due to the voting rights of the outside owners, we do not control and, therefore, do not consolidate these entities. The non-controlling partners in consolidated partnerships primarily consist of the approximate 1% interest in Host LP held by outside partners and interests ranging from 15% to 48% held by outside partners in two partnerships each owning one hotel for which we do control the entity and, therefore, consolidate its operations. These pro rata results for NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share, EBITDAre and Adjusted EBITDAre were calculated as set forth in the definitions above. Readers should be cautioned that the pro rata results presented in these measures for consolidated partnerships (for NAREIT FFO and Adjusted FFO per diluted share) and equity investments may not accurately depict the legal and economic implications of our investments in these entities.

Comparable Hotel Property Level Operating Results

We present certain operating results for our hotels, such as hotel revenues, expenses, food and beverage profit, and EBITDA (and the related margins), on a comparable hotel, or “same store,” basis as supplemental information for investors. Our comparable hotel results present operating results for hotels owned during the entirety of the periods being compared without giving effect to any acquisitions or dispositions, significant property damage or large scale capital improvements incurred during these periods. We present comparable hotel EBITDA to help us and our investors evaluate the ongoing operating performance of our comparable properties after removing the impact of the Company’s capital structure (primarily interest expense), and its asset base (primarily depreciation and amortization). Corporate-level costs and expenses are also removed to arrive at property-level results.  We believe these property-level results provide investors with supplemental information into the ongoing operating performance of our comparable hotels. Comparable hotel results are presented both by location and for the Company’s comparable properties in the aggregate. We eliminate depreciation and amortization because, even though depreciation and amortization are property-level expenses, these non-cash expenses, which are based on historical cost accounting for real estate assets, implicitly assume that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. As noted earlier, because real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many real estate industry investors have considered presentation of historical cost accounting for operating results to be insufficient by themselves.

As a result of the elimination of corporate-level costs and expenses and depreciation and amortization, the comparable hotel operating results we present do not represent our total revenues, expenses, operating profit or net income and should not be used to evaluate our performance as a whole. Management compensates for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our consolidated statements of operations include such amounts, all of which should be considered by investors when evaluating our performance.

We present these hotel operating results on a comparable hotel basis because we believe that doing so provides investors and management with useful information for evaluating the period-to-period performance of our hotels and facilitates comparisons with other hotel REITs and hotel owners. In particular, these measures assist management and investors in distinguishing whether increases or decreases in revenues and/or expenses are due to growth or decline of operations at comparable hotels (which represent the vast majority of our portfolio) or from other factors, such as the effect of acquisitions or dispositions. While management believes that presentation of comparable hotel results is a “same store” supplemental measure that provides useful information in evaluating our ongoing performance, this measure is not used to allocate resources or to assess the operating performance of each of these hotels, as these decisions are based on data for individual hotels and are not based on comparable hotel results. For these reasons, we believe that comparable hotel operating results, when combined with the presentation of GAAP operating profit, revenues and expenses, provide useful information to investors and management.

Michael D. Bluhm, Chief Financial Officer
240.744.5110

Bret D.S. McLeod, Senior Vice President
240.744.5216

Gee Lingberg, Vice President
240.744.5275

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Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc.